Bone: Battery of the Body

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Calcium Storage and the Impact of Maximizing Calcium in the Body

Parts of a long bone

Parts of a long bone (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Calcium is required for the proper functioning all of the central nervous system, muscular tissue, kidneys, and the heart. As all systems of the body are controlled by the central nervous system, both conscious and subconscious, calcium is one of the most important minerals in the body. Approximately 99% all of the calcium within an individual his store in the skeletal system and teeth, therefore bone health, and retention/density of calcium content in bone mass can effect general health and wellness.

The skeletal framework of the body bears mechanical loading of movement, moves the body via muscular attachment, and supports the organs of the body. Bone (our skeletal framework) is an amazing tissue. It can be as strong as metal while as light as wood. When a bone fracture occurs the healing process begins almost immediately. Bone mass also acts like a battery, storing calcium and phosphorus, which are required for many cellular functions throughout the body. The loss of an individual’s bone mass can impact other organs and functions of the body, as nutrients required for function may not be present from the lack of bone mass. Osteoporosis and its precursor, osteopenia are determined by the lack of axial mechanical loading over time. Typically this is affiliated with aging and other age related disease states. However, younger individuals are susceptible as well if proper loading is not applied to bone mass.

When action potential (signal from the brain to physically move) from the central nervous system is applied to muscular tissue, mechanical loading is placed on the bone mass. The tension, compression, and torsion being placed on the bone mass, with the proper level of loading, can have an osteogenic effect. This means that at certain levels of mechanical loading, bone mass density can be increased. These levels can be varied based on the condition of the individual, for example an osteoporotic individual may respond to lower axial mechanical loading than an individual within normal bone mass.

If an individual can retain more calcium over time through repeated axial mechanical loading events, more calcium would be readily available for use in the whole body. This could greatly improve general wellness, and enable other protective functions of the body to be more engaged. As the natural process of calcium homeostasis would continue to be maintained by the self-regulatory function, in the form of greater demand for neurological signaling. This natural process of greater abundance, as well as greater demand should not be confused with complications or abnormalities associated with excess calcium in the body, as those are not associated with the normal homeostasis levels based on demand. Potentially with the “battery” function of the skeletal system increasing the storage of this key mineral, the availability to the central nervous system and it’s subconscious function, like balance could improve. More research is needed with the storage of minerals in bone mass.

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